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New Post has been published on https://reviewsandsavingspal.com/2017/12/11/stained-glass-votive-holders-using-scraps/

Stained Glass Votive Holders (Using Scraps!)

craftychica:

How do you handle your scraps? Do you pitch them or gather them like crumbs of gold and find a use for them? Guess which is my style? These stained glass votive holders were made from an assortment of my leftover pieces from previous projects. I love upcycling!

I thought they would be perfect for this month’s Bernzomatic Torch Bearer project because, with the bright red and green colors, they…

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This looks neat. via Crafty Chica

New Post has been published on https://reviewsandsavingspal.com/2017/12/11/the-moon-signs/

THE MOON SIGNS

astrorhea:

“I acted like it wasn’t a big deal when really it was breaking my heart.”


“You sometimes think you want to disappear, but all you really want is to be found.”


“Life is a game, you can be a player or a toy.”


“I wanna tell you how I feel, but I’m scared of being hurt again, scared of you not feeling the same and scared of falling harder.”


“There is a weird pleasure in loving someone who doesn’t love you.”


“I am a strong person, but every once in awhile, I would like someone to take my hand and tell me that everything’s going to be alright.”


“Don’t be sorry I trusted you. My mistake, not yours.”


“I hate being alone. My thoughts, my feelings, my mind eats me alive.”


“I don’t know what I feel anymore.”


“You don’t just stop loving someone. You either always will or you never did at the first place.”


“It hurts knowing you tried doing your best but it still wasn’t good enough.”


“It’s hard to answer the question ‘what’s wrong?’ when nothing’s right.”

this collage was too artful not to share. 

New Post has been published on https://reviewsandsavingspal.com/2017/12/11/lets-talk-about-love/

Let’s Talk About Love…! ❤️

astrorhea:

ARIES:

Aries – Aries: “I love you like every action I take.”
Aries – Taurus: “I love you more than batman loves his cave.”
Aries – Gemini: “I love you like Winnie the Pooh loves honey.”
Aries – Cancer: “I love you more than a watch loves to tick.”
Aries – Leo: “I love you because you’re awesome just like me.”
Aries – Virgo: “I love you more than all the answers on the Internet!”
Aries – Libra:  “I love you like French Fries.”
Aries – Scorpio: “I love you like a cat loves a mouse.”
Aries – Sagittarius: “I love you like my Xbox.”
Aries – Capricorn: “I love you more than zombies love brains.”
Aries – Aquarius: “I love you more than you can ever imagine.”
Aries – Pisces: “I love you like a sea of flowers. More than a garden of smiles and a world of hugs.”

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TAURUS:

Taurus – Aries: “I love you more then I love Netflix! And that’s a lot.”
Taurus – Taurus: “I love you like there are grains of sand in every beach, of every planet, of every galaxy in the universe.”
Taurus – Gemini: “I love you like a flower loves the rain.”
Taurus – Cancer: “I love you more than Edward loves Bella.”
Taurus – Leo: “I love you like distance everybody loves Raymond.”
Taurus – Virgo: “I love you more than anything in the whole wide world.”
Taurus – Libra: “I love you more than Peter Pan loves Neverland.”
Taurus – Scorpio: “I love you like a pig loves not being bacon.”
Taurus – Sagittarius:  “I love you like I love food.”
Taurus – Capricorn: “I love you more than the Beast loved Belle.”
Taurus – Aquarius: “I love you more than a letter loves an envelope.”
Taurus – Pisces: “I love you like the butterflies in the gardens, the rainbow over the blue sky, and the greeneries in the meadow.”

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GEMINI:

Gemini – Aries: “I love you like a bee loves honey.”
Gemini – Taurus: “I love you like I did yesterday, but I not as much as tomorrow but always forever.”
Gemini – Gemini: “I love you more than Charlie loves Wonka bars.”
Gemini – Cancer: “I love you like cookies, and believe me I love cookies!”
Gemini – Leo: “I love you like the sun loves redheads.”
Gemini – Virgo: “I love you like you can possibly imagine.”
Gemini – Libra: “I love you more than an emo boy loves tight pants.”
Gemini – Scorpio: “I love you like old ladies love blue dye.”
Gemini – Sagittarius: “I love you more than a sailor loves swearing.”
Gemini – Capricorn: “I love you more than time loves a paradox.”
Gemini – Aquarius: “I love you like words can describe, numbers can count and the forever growing universe can discover.”
Gemini – Pisces: “I love you like a skinny person loves salad.”

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CANCER:

Cancer – Aries: “I love you more than a woman loves fixing up a bachelor with one of her single friends.”
Cancer – Taurus: “I love you like an Italian loves pasta.”
Cancer – Gemini: “I love you more than the British love their tea.”
Cancer – Cancer: “I love you like the sun, the ocean and the mountains.”
Cancer – Leo: ”I love you more than an incontinent person loves a toilet.”
Cancer – Virgo: “I love you more than Jack loved Rose.”
Cancer – Libra: “I love you more than schoolgirls love to gossip.”
Cancer – Scorpio: “I love you more than a junkie loves weed.”
Cancer – Sagittarius: “I love you more than the plague loves rats.”
Cancer – Capricorn:  “I love you like you say you love me times a million more, and just so you know I love you MORE square root that by infinity.”
Cancer – Aquarius: “I love you more than older people love tapioca.”
Cancer – Pisces: “I love you more than pizza.”

image

LEO:

Leo – Aries:  “I love you like women love diamonds.”
Leo – Taurus: “I love you more than a dentist loves crooked teeth.”
Leo – Gemini: “I love you more than commercials love annoying us.”
Leo – Cancer:  “I love you like the sun loves the moon.”
Leo – Leo: “I love you more than everythIng in this entire world. With every step and every breath I take, every rush of blood, every whisper of thought, and every beat of my heart comes the reminder that I love you, and I live for you. Because you are my whole world, my everything, and my life.”
Leo – Virgo: “I love you like iPhone and iPad combined, which I cannot live without.”
Leo – Libra:  “I love you like there are stars in the sky.”
Leo – Scorpio: “I love you more than a duck loves water.”
Leo – Sagittarius: “I love you more than a lawyer loves money.”
Leo – Capricorn: “I love you more than a hippie loves his long hair.”
Leo – Aquarius: “I love you like Brangelina loves adopting kids.”
Leo – Pisces: “I love you like burritos, tacos, and nachos.”

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VIRGO:

Virgo – Aries:  “I love you like there are words in books.”
Virgo – Taurus:  “I love you like a child loves his teddy-bear.”
Virgo – Gemini: “I love you like a cop loves thieves.”
Virgo – Cancer:  “I love you like the Cookie Monster loves cookies.”
Virgo – Leo: “I love you like the distance between us.”
Virgo – Virgo: “I love you like a mother loves her child.”
Virgo – Libra:  “I love you like a movie geek loves his/hers popcorn.”
Virgo – Scorpio: “I love you like a smoker loves a cigarette.”
Virgo – Sagittarius:  “I’ll love you longer than forever.”
Virgo – Capricorn: “I love you more than money and more than the stars above.”
Virgo – Aquarius:  “I love you like any word can say.”
Virgo – Pisces: “I love you like a dog loves biting a piece of bone.”

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LIBRA:

Libra – Aries:  “I love you like apple pie, lemon meringue pie and chocolate mud pie.”
Libra – Taurus: “I love you like “Harry Potter,” and that should have been impossible.”
Libra – Gemini: “I love you more than words can show.”
Libra – Cancer: “I love you like the unforgettable first kiss.”
Libra – Leo: “I love you more than dad loves his daughter.”
Libra – Virgo: “I love you like any person loves sleeping.”
Libra – Libra:  “I love you like an angel loves the heavens.”
Libra – Scorpio: “I love you more than a teenage boy loves masturbating.”
Libra – Sagittarius: “I love you like I love sushi.”
Libra – Capricorn: “I love you like you’ll ever know.”
Libra – Aquarius: “I love you more than words, in all the books, in all the world.”
Libra – Pisces: “I love you more than free WiFi.”

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SCORPIO:

Scorpio – Aries: “I love you like a pervert loves porn.”
Scorpio – Taurus:  “I love you more than a child loves candy.”
Scorpio – Gemini: “I love you like cheesecake, carrot cake and chocolate cake.”
Scorpio – Cancer: “I love you not only for what you are but for what I am when I’m with you.”
Scorpio – Leo: “I love you more than I love naps.”
Scorpio – Virgo: “I love you more than there are grains of sand on every beach, of every planet, of every galaxy in the universe.”
Scorpio – Libra: “I love you like a nerd loves his glasses.”
Scorpio – Scorpio: “I love you higher than the sky and deeper than the water in the ocean.”
Scorpio – Sagittarius: “I love you more than yesterday and that’s how I feel every day.”
Scorpio – Capricorn:  “I love you more than a drug addict loves heroine.”
Scorpio – Aquarius: “I love you like a hooker loves a street corner.”
Scorpio – Pisces: “I love you like all the raindrops that fall in a summer thunderstorm.”

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SAGITTARIUS:

Sagittarius – Aries: “I love you like a fat kid loves cake.”
Sagittarius – Taurus: “I love you more than a child loves Christmas.”
Sagittarius – Gemini: “I love you like the Godiva chocolate, my favourite.”
Sagittarius – Cancer: “I love you more than stinky cheese.”
Sagittarius – Leo: “I love you more than the government loves taxing its citizens.”
Sagittarius – Virgo: “I love you like my iPhone, and I wish I can hold you in my hands, every minute of the day.”
Sagittarius – Libra: “I love you more than Russel Crowe loves throwing phones at people.”
Sagittarius – Scorpio: “I love you like when I get a seat on the crowded train so that I can play games on my smartphone with both hands.”
Sagittarius – Sagittarius: “I love you like the Lemon Meringue Pie which my mother bakes, that reminds me of the sweet memory of my childhood.”
Sagittarius – Capricorn: “I love you more than Brazil loves football.”
Sagittarius – Aquarius: “I love you more than a fly loves crap.”
Sagittarius – Pisces: “I love you like a little girl dreams of love.”

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CAPRICORN:

Capricorn – Aries: “I love you like my cat, and no one has replaced her so far.”
Capricorn – Taurus: “I love you more than ever, more than time and more than love.”
Capricorn – Gemini:  “I love you like a nerd loves homework.”
Capricorn – Cancer: “I love you like the sand loves the sea.”
Capricorn – Leo: “I love you more than Johnny Depp, George Clooney and Leo DiCaprio combined.”
Capricorn – Virgo: “I love you more than you’ll ever know.”
Capricorn – Libra: “I love you like Santa loves cookies and milk.”
Capricorn – Scorpio:  “I love you like the thrills I get from roller coaster ride, skiing down an icy slope, and bungee jumping.”
Capricorn – Sagittarius: “I love you like guys love football.”
Capricorn – Capricorn: “I love you more than Snape loved Lily.”
Capricorn – Aquarius: “I love you like my morning coffee.”
Capricorn – Pisces: “I love you like trees love water.”

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AQUARIUS:

Aquarius – Aries:  “I love you like a surfer loves his board.”
Aquarius – Taurus: “I love you more than a sad woman loves chocolate.”
Aquarius – Gemini: “I love you like my next breath.”
Aquarius – Cancer: “I love you more than a punk loves his hair gel.”
Aquarius – Leo: “I love you like words can describe, numbers can count and the constantly grown technology can discover.”
Aquarius – Virgo: “I love you like a cat loves chasing its tail.”
Aquarius – Libra: “I love you like a grandma loves her grandchildren.”
Aquarius – Scorpio: “I love you more than coffee, but please don’t make me prove it.”
Aquarius – Sagittarius: “I love you more today than I did yesterday, but not as much as tomorrow and many days to come.”
Aquarius – Capricorn: “I love you more than a blonde loves her hair-dye.”
Aquarius – Aquarius: “I love you like anything you could ever say or imagine and every breath I take is for you.”
Aquarius – Pisces: “I love you like Cinderella loved Prince Charming.”

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PISCES:

Pisces – Aries: “I love you like my dog, and that should have said enough.”
Pisces – Taurus: “I love you like I love penguins, my favourite animal since the third grade.”
Pisces – Gemini: “I love you like lice love an elementary school.”
Pisces – Cancer: “I love you like Romeo loves Juliet.”
Pisces – Leo: “I love you more than the Imperial March loves Darth Vader.”
Pisces – Virgo: “I love you more than an emo loves black.” 
Pisces – Libra: “I love you like I love beer.”
Pisces – Scorpio: “I love you like fish need water!”
Pisces – Sagittarius: “I love you like a mouse loves cheese.”
Pisces – Capricorn: “I love you more than Voldemort loved killing people.”
Pisces – Aquarius: “I love you more than an alcoholic loves beer.”
Pisces – Pisces:  “I love you like Mickey loves Minnie.”

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This was cute. I will admit I could see my #gemini self saying that to a #taurus

New Post has been published on https://reviewsandsavingspal.com/2017/12/11/new-post-has-been-published-on/

New Post has been published on https://reviewsandsavingspal.com/2017/12/11/lets-talk-about-love/

Let’s Talk About Love…! ❤️

astrorhea:

ARIES:

Aries – Aries: “I love you like every action I take.”
Aries – Taurus: “I love you more than batman loves his cave.”
Aries – Gemini: “I love you like Winnie the Pooh loves honey.”
Aries – Cancer: “I love you more than a watch loves to tick.”
Aries – Leo: “I love you because you’re awesome just like me.”
Aries – Virgo: “I love you more than all the answers on the Internet!”
Aries – Libra:  “I love you like French Fries.”
Aries – Scorpio: “I love you like a cat loves a mouse.”
Aries – Sagittarius: “I love you like my Xbox.”
Aries – Capricorn: “I love you more than zombies love brains.”
Aries – Aquarius: “I love you more than you can ever imagine.”
Aries – Pisces: “I love you like a sea of flowers. More than a garden of smiles and a world of hugs.”

image

TAURUS:

Taurus – Aries: “I love you more then I love Netflix! And that’s a lot.”
Taurus – Taurus: “I love you like there are grains of sand in every beach, of every planet, of every galaxy in the universe.”
Taurus – Gemini: “I love you like a flower loves the rain.”
Taurus – Cancer: “I love you more than Edward loves Bella.”
Taurus – Leo: “I love you like distance everybody loves Raymond.”
Taurus – Virgo: “I love you more than anything in the whole wide world.”
Taurus – Libra: “I love you more than Peter Pan loves Neverland.”
Taurus – Scorpio: “I love you like a pig loves not being bacon.”
Taurus – Sagittarius:  “I love you like I love food.”
Taurus – Capricorn: “I love you more than the Beast loved Belle.”
Taurus – Aquarius: “I love you more than a letter loves an envelope.”
Taurus – Pisces: “I love you like the butterflies in the gardens, the rainbow over the blue sky, and the greeneries in the meadow.”

image

GEMINI:

Gemini – Aries: “I love you like a bee loves honey.”
Gemini – Taurus: “I love you like I did yesterday, but I not as much as tomorrow but always forever.”
Gemini – Gemini: “I love you more than Charlie loves Wonka bars.”
Gemini – Cancer: “I love you like cookies, and believe me I love cookies!”
Gemini – Leo: “I love you like the sun loves redheads.”
Gemini – Virgo: “I love you like you can possibly imagine.”
Gemini – Libra: “I love you more than an emo boy loves tight pants.”
Gemini – Scorpio: “I love you like old ladies love blue dye.”
Gemini – Sagittarius: “I love you more than a sailor loves swearing.”
Gemini – Capricorn: “I love you more than time loves a paradox.”
Gemini – Aquarius: “I love you like words can describe, numbers can count and the forever growing universe can discover.”
Gemini – Pisces: “I love you like a skinny person loves salad.”

image

CANCER:

Cancer – Aries: “I love you more than a woman loves fixing up a bachelor with one of her single friends.”
Cancer – Taurus: “I love you like an Italian loves pasta.”
Cancer – Gemini: “I love you more than the British love their tea.”
Cancer – Cancer: “I love you like the sun, the ocean and the mountains.”
Cancer – Leo: ”I love you more than an incontinent person loves a toilet.”
Cancer – Virgo: “I love you more than Jack loved Rose.”
Cancer – Libra: “I love you more than schoolgirls love to gossip.”
Cancer – Scorpio: “I love you more than a junkie loves weed.”
Cancer – Sagittarius: “I love you more than the plague loves rats.”
Cancer – Capricorn:  “I love you like you say you love me times a million more, and just so you know I love you MORE square root that by infinity.”
Cancer – Aquarius: “I love you more than older people love tapioca.”
Cancer – Pisces: “I love you more than pizza.”

image

LEO:

Leo – Aries:  “I love you like women love diamonds.”
Leo – Taurus: “I love you more than a dentist loves crooked teeth.”
Leo – Gemini: “I love you more than commercials love annoying us.”
Leo – Cancer:  “I love you like the sun loves the moon.”
Leo – Leo: “I love you more than everythIng in this entire world. With every step and every breath I take, every rush of blood, every whisper of thought, and every beat of my heart comes the reminder that I love you, and I live for you. Because you are my whole world, my everything, and my life.”
Leo – Virgo: “I love you like iPhone and iPad combined, which I cannot live without.”
Leo – Libra:  “I love you like there are stars in the sky.”
Leo – Scorpio: “I love you more than a duck loves water.”
Leo – Sagittarius: “I love you more than a lawyer loves money.”
Leo – Capricorn: “I love you more than a hippie loves his long hair.”
Leo – Aquarius: “I love you like Brangelina loves adopting kids.”
Leo – Pisces: “I love you like burritos, tacos, and nachos.”

image

VIRGO:

Virgo – Aries:  “I love you like there are words in books.”
Virgo – Taurus:  “I love you like a child loves his teddy-bear.”
Virgo – Gemini: “I love you like a cop loves thieves.”
Virgo – Cancer:  “I love you like the Cookie Monster loves cookies.”
Virgo – Leo: “I love you like the distance between us.”
Virgo – Virgo: “I love you like a mother loves her child.”
Virgo – Libra:  “I love you like a movie geek loves his/hers popcorn.”
Virgo – Scorpio: “I love you like a smoker loves a cigarette.”
Virgo – Sagittarius:  “I’ll love you longer than forever.”
Virgo – Capricorn: “I love you more than money and more than the stars above.”
Virgo – Aquarius:  “I love you like any word can say.”
Virgo – Pisces: “I love you like a dog loves biting a piece of bone.”

image

LIBRA:

Libra – Aries:  “I love you like apple pie, lemon meringue pie and chocolate mud pie.”
Libra – Taurus: “I love you like “Harry Potter,” and that should have been impossible.”
Libra – Gemini: “I love you more than words can show.”
Libra – Cancer: “I love you like the unforgettable first kiss.”
Libra – Leo: “I love you more than dad loves his daughter.”
Libra – Virgo: “I love you like any person loves sleeping.”
Libra – Libra:  “I love you like an angel loves the heavens.”
Libra – Scorpio: “I love you more than a teenage boy loves masturbating.”
Libra – Sagittarius: “I love you like I love sushi.”
Libra – Capricorn: “I love you like you’ll ever know.”
Libra – Aquarius: “I love you more than words, in all the books, in all the world.”
Libra – Pisces: “I love you more than free WiFi.”

image

SCORPIO:

Scorpio – Aries: “I love you like a pervert loves porn.”
Scorpio – Taurus:  “I love you more than a child loves candy.”
Scorpio – Gemini: “I love you like cheesecake, carrot cake and chocolate cake.”
Scorpio – Cancer: “I love you not only for what you are but for what I am when I’m with you.”
Scorpio – Leo: “I love you more than I love naps.”
Scorpio – Virgo: “I love you more than there are grains of sand on every beach, of every planet, of every galaxy in the universe.”
Scorpio – Libra: “I love you like a nerd loves his glasses.”
Scorpio – Scorpio: “I love you higher than the sky and deeper than the water in the ocean.”
Scorpio – Sagittarius: “I love you more than yesterday and that’s how I feel every day.”
Scorpio – Capricorn:  “I love you more than a drug addict loves heroine.”
Scorpio – Aquarius: “I love you like a hooker loves a street corner.”
Scorpio – Pisces: “I love you like all the raindrops that fall in a summer thunderstorm.”

image

SAGITTARIUS:

Sagittarius – Aries: “I love you like a fat kid loves cake.”
Sagittarius – Taurus: “I love you more than a child loves Christmas.”
Sagittarius – Gemini: “I love you like the Godiva chocolate, my favourite.”
Sagittarius – Cancer: “I love you more than stinky cheese.”
Sagittarius – Leo: “I love you more than the government loves taxing its citizens.”
Sagittarius – Virgo: “I love you like my iPhone, and I wish I can hold you in my hands, every minute of the day.”
Sagittarius – Libra: “I love you more than Russel Crowe loves throwing phones at people.”
Sagittarius – Scorpio: “I love you like when I get a seat on the crowded train so that I can play games on my smartphone with both hands.”
Sagittarius – Sagittarius: “I love you like the Lemon Meringue Pie which my mother bakes, that reminds me of the sweet memory of my childhood.”
Sagittarius – Capricorn: “I love you more than Brazil loves football.”
Sagittarius – Aquarius: “I love you more than a fly loves crap.”
Sagittarius – Pisces: “I love you like a little girl dreams of love.”

image

CAPRICORN:

Capricorn – Aries: “I love you like my cat, and no one has replaced her so far.”
Capricorn – Taurus: “I love you more than ever, more than time and more than love.”
Capricorn – Gemini:  “I love you like a nerd loves homework.”
Capricorn – Cancer: “I love you like the sand loves the sea.”
Capricorn – Leo: “I love you more than Johnny Depp, George Clooney and Leo DiCaprio combined.”
Capricorn – Virgo: “I love you more than you’ll ever know.”
Capricorn – Libra: “I love you like Santa loves cookies and milk.”
Capricorn – Scorpio:  “I love you like the thrills I get from roller coaster ride, skiing down an icy slope, and bungee jumping.”
Capricorn – Sagittarius: “I love you like guys love football.”
Capricorn – Capricorn: “I love you more than Snape loved Lily.”
Capricorn – Aquarius: “I love you like my morning coffee.”
Capricorn – Pisces: “I love you like trees love water.”

image

AQUARIUS:

Aquarius – Aries:  “I love you like a surfer loves his board.”
Aquarius – Taurus: “I love you more than a sad woman loves chocolate.”
Aquarius – Gemini: “I love you like my next breath.”
Aquarius – Cancer: “I love you more than a punk loves his hair gel.”
Aquarius – Leo: “I love you like words can describe, numbers can count and the constantly grown technology can discover.”
Aquarius – Virgo: “I love you like a cat loves chasing its tail.”
Aquarius – Libra: “I love you like a grandma loves her grandchildren.”
Aquarius – Scorpio: “I love you more than coffee, but please don’t make me prove it.”
Aquarius – Sagittarius: “I love you more today than I did yesterday, but not as much as tomorrow and many days to come.”
Aquarius – Capricorn: “I love you more than a blonde loves her hair-dye.”
Aquarius – Aquarius: “I love you like anything you could ever say or imagine and every breath I take is for you.”
Aquarius – Pisces: “I love you like Cinderella loved Prince Charming.”

image

PISCES:

Pisces – Aries: “I love you like my dog, and that should have said enough.”
Pisces – Taurus: “I love you like I love penguins, my favourite animal since the third grade.”
Pisces – Gemini: “I love you like lice love an elementary school.”
Pisces – Cancer: “I love you like Romeo loves Juliet.”
Pisces – Leo: “I love you more than the Imperial March loves Darth Vader.”
Pisces – Virgo: “I love you more than an emo loves black.” 
Pisces – Libra: “I love you like I love beer.”
Pisces – Scorpio: “I love you like fish need water!”
Pisces – Sagittarius: “I love you like a mouse loves cheese.”
Pisces – Capricorn: “I love you more than Voldemort loved killing people.”
Pisces – Aquarius: “I love you more than an alcoholic loves beer.”
Pisces – Pisces:  “I love you like Mickey loves Minnie.”

image

This was cute. I will admit I could see my #gemini self saying that to a #taurus

New Post has been published on https://reviewsandsavingspal.com/2017/12/11/the-birth-of-a-new-island/

The Birth of a New Island

npr:

nasa:

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In late December 2014, an underwater volcano in the South Pacific Kingdom of Tonga erupted and sent a violent stream of steam, ash and rock into the air. The ash plumes rose as high as 30,000 feet (9 kilometers) into the sky and diverted airline flights.

Most new oceanic islands often wash away quickly within a few months. The island doesn’t have an official name, and is referred to as Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai after two older islands to either side.

But this island was different. One of our satellites that detects volcanic eruptions alerted our scientists who were very excited because this type of explosive, undersea eruption is rare. In fact, the new Tongan island is one of only three of this kind of volcanic islands in the past 150 years to emerge and survive. It’s now three years old.

Zooming in from Space

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The baby island is also the first of its kind to emerge in the modern satellite era. This is really important since it’s difficult to send our researchers the South Pacific every month to see how the island has changed – which it did very rapidly, especially in the first six months. But satellites in space delivered monthly views which we used to make these high resolution, 3-D topographic maps. With these maps, we tracked the early life and evolution of the island in unprecedented detail.

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In April 2015, we watched an isthmus bridge begin forming from the new island to the older island neighboring it to the east. Soft volcanic material, especially on the island’s southern side, was eroded by the ocean and deposited on the tail end, which grew and grew till it reached the other island. It’s about 1600 feet (500 meters) across, or the length of 5 football fields.

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The erosive forces of the ocean broke down the southern wall of the crater lake in May 2015. We thought this might mean that the island wouldn’t last much longer because the ocean could now attack the interior of the island’s tuff cone. But in June, a sandbar formed, closing off the lake again and protecting the interior. The sandbar has been in place ever since.

Monitoring these changes of both erosion and growth, we now believe that the island will last from between 6 to 30 years!

Terranauts!

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Why has the island survived for three years? What makes eroding it away harder than for other blink-and-you-miss-it oceanic islands that disappear into the sea after a few months? To answer these questions, we need rock samples.

Working with the Tongan government, we recruited two French citizens sailing around the world who were in Tongan waters in June, 2017, to go to the new island on our behalf. We treated them like astronauts and gave them instructions to take pictures and samples of the volcanic rocks at locations we could see from space along the coasts, the interior of the crater lake, and from the top of the tuff cone.

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They did a fantastic job documenting each sample and where it came from, and then mailed the box of rocks back to our team at our Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, where they are currently being analyzed. We believe that after the eruption, warm seawater mixed with volcanic ash to chemically alter it so that when it hardened into rock it was a tougher material. We’re excited to see if the rock samples confirm this.

From Earth to Mars

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Link: https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/11372

Did these Martian volcanoes form in an ocean or lake? If they did, wet environments such as these combined with heat from volcanic processes may be prime locations to search for evidence of past life. We may not know until we arrive on the red planet, but by studying Earth’s landforms, we’ll be better prepared when we do.

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com.

Happy Birthday, baby island! -Emily

New Post has been published on https://reviewsandsavingspal.com/2017/12/11/new-post-has-been-published-on-2/

New Post has been published on https://reviewsandsavingspal.com/2017/12/11/the-birth-of-a-new-island/

The Birth of a New Island

npr:

nasa:

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In late December 2014, an underwater volcano in the South Pacific Kingdom of Tonga erupted and sent a violent stream of steam, ash and rock into the air. The ash plumes rose as high as 30,000 feet (9 kilometers) into the sky and diverted airline flights.

Most new oceanic islands often wash away quickly within a few months. The island doesn’t have an official name, and is referred to as Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai after two older islands to either side.

But this island was different. One of our satellites that detects volcanic eruptions alerted our scientists who were very excited because this type of explosive, undersea eruption is rare. In fact, the new Tongan island is one of only three of this kind of volcanic islands in the past 150 years to emerge and survive. It’s now three years old.

Zooming in from Space

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The baby island is also the first of its kind to emerge in the modern satellite era. This is really important since it’s difficult to send our researchers the South Pacific every month to see how the island has changed – which it did very rapidly, especially in the first six months. But satellites in space delivered monthly views which we used to make these high resolution, 3-D topographic maps. With these maps, we tracked the early life and evolution of the island in unprecedented detail.

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In April 2015, we watched an isthmus bridge begin forming from the new island to the older island neighboring it to the east. Soft volcanic material, especially on the island’s southern side, was eroded by the ocean and deposited on the tail end, which grew and grew till it reached the other island. It’s about 1600 feet (500 meters) across, or the length of 5 football fields.

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The erosive forces of the ocean broke down the southern wall of the crater lake in May 2015. We thought this might mean that the island wouldn’t last much longer because the ocean could now attack the interior of the island’s tuff cone. But in June, a sandbar formed, closing off the lake again and protecting the interior. The sandbar has been in place ever since.

Monitoring these changes of both erosion and growth, we now believe that the island will last from between 6 to 30 years!

Terranauts!

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Why has the island survived for three years? What makes eroding it away harder than for other blink-and-you-miss-it oceanic islands that disappear into the sea after a few months? To answer these questions, we need rock samples.

Working with the Tongan government, we recruited two French citizens sailing around the world who were in Tongan waters in June, 2017, to go to the new island on our behalf. We treated them like astronauts and gave them instructions to take pictures and samples of the volcanic rocks at locations we could see from space along the coasts, the interior of the crater lake, and from the top of the tuff cone.

image

They did a fantastic job documenting each sample and where it came from, and then mailed the box of rocks back to our team at our Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, where they are currently being analyzed. We believe that after the eruption, warm seawater mixed with volcanic ash to chemically alter it so that when it hardened into rock it was a tougher material. We’re excited to see if the rock samples confirm this.

From Earth to Mars

image

Link: https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/11372

Did these Martian volcanoes form in an ocean or lake? If they did, wet environments such as these combined with heat from volcanic processes may be prime locations to search for evidence of past life. We may not know until we arrive on the red planet, but by studying Earth’s landforms, we’ll be better prepared when we do.

Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com.

Happy Birthday, baby island! -Emily

New Post has been published on https://reviewsandsavingspal.com/2017/12/11/julep-korean-skincare-in-two-easy-steps/

Julep Korean Skincare in TWO Easy Steps

Julep Korean Skincare in TWO Easy Steps

New Post has been published on https://reviewsandsavingspal.com/2017/12/10/julep-cushion-complexion-2/

Julep Cushion Complexion

Julep Cushion Complexion

New Post has been published on https://reviewsandsavingspal.com/2017/12/09/saturday-chat-with-mom/

Saturday Chat with mom

http://songexploder.net/nine-inch-nails

Like I posted earlier I  gave this interview a second listen today. Well, my mom enjoyed listening to the interview as well. This eventually lead to the chat of why I like @nineinchnails along with why I like Trent Reznor. 

I stood there looking at her as she said: “is it because he was popular when you were in high school?” I, of course, am like “Uh…” To be honest I go through phases as I’ve mentioned in other posts deal with music.  I finally replied, “I don’t know mom why do I like anything I like.” She took that reply well. I joked that I could hear Trent Reznor read the phone book because I just enjoy his voice. She found that funny. 

Getting back to the interview for a second. it is well worth the listen. My mom found it fascinating. I did as well even if I’d already heard it.

But like with most things we can chalk up my love of all things NIN and Reznor related to having no rhyme or reason. I may outgrow this phase like with most things but so far it’s been holding strong for a few years.

New Post has been published on https://reviewsandsavingspal.com/2017/12/09/julep-korean-skincare-in-two-easy-steps-2/

Julep Korean Skincare in TWO Easy Steps

Julep Korean Skincare in TWO Easy Steps